It is universally understood that, within 60 minutes post-workout, your body becomes a nutritional black hole. Your body is ready to suck up everything like a sponge. While training hard, you burn up all of your glycogen and stored nutrients, and afterwards your blood sugar is low, leaving your body starving for nutrient-rich recovery. The Science behind each scoop of Formula 19: R3 Carbohydrate Formula, 25g This is the ultimate fuel for your muscles both pre and post workout. Glutamine Blend, 10g( L- Glutamine and magnesium glycyl glutamine) Magnesium Glycyl Glutamine chelate - The only stabilized glutamine in the world, protected by an exclusive patent. Glutamine is an amino acid that serves as a necessary building block for protein in the body. It is also the amino acid lost in the greatest quantity during strenuous exercise. Leucine, 5g Leucine is one of the three Branched Chain Amino Acids and sometimes referred to as the 'main' amino acid due to the most popular benefit of BCAAs (muscle building) being mostly due to leucine. Alpha Lipoic Acid, 100g The antioxidant alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) improves the body’s ability to absorb and convert sugar (glucose) to energy.